Ստորոգյալի համաձայնեցումը ենթակայի հետ դեմքով և թվով.
Dear students, I advise that you should at first study the theory and then do the task. If you do so, you will never make any mistakes in predicate-subject agreement while writing your own ideas.
The predicate of a sentence usually agrees with the subject in person and number.
He speaks several foreign languages.
This book is interesting
These books are interesting
if the subject is expressed by a collective noun, a singular verb is used if the group acts together as a unit, and a plural verb is used if the members of the group act as separate individuals. Here are some collective nouns: family, committee, team, crew, staff, army, poultry and so on.
Our family consists of four members.
Our family are having tea now.
This team was organized two years ago.
Today this team are playing very badly.
The predicate of the sentence is always in the plural form if the subject is expressed by the nouns: people, police and cattle.
There were a lot of people at the meeting.
The police are looking for the thief.
Some nouns are always used in the plural form and, consequently, the verbs are also used in the plural form: goods, clothes, wages, eye-glasses, spectacles, binoculars, scissors, trousers and so on.
The scissors are in the drawer.
Different goods are sold at the fair market.
The following nouns, on the other hand, are always used in the singular form and, consequently, the verbs that follow them are used in the singular form too: information, advice, progress, furniture, knowledge.
The new furniture has made the flat more comfortable
His advice was helpful.
Different sorts of fruits and vegetables are usually used in the plural form in their general usage.
Potatoes are very expensive this year. Կարտոֆիլը շատ թանկ է այս տարի:
Apples are good for our health. Խնձորը լավ է առողջության համար:
If the subject is expressed by one of the following pronouns: everybody, everything, nobody, no one, somebody, someone, either, neither , the predicate must be in the singular form.
Everybody was ready to begin the discussion. Բոլորը պատրաստ էին սկսելու քննարկումը:
Either of these books is interesting.
Neither of them wants to join us.
If all denotes things, the predicate after it is in the singular form, and if all denotes persons, the predicate is used in the plural form.
All is well that ends well.
All were present.
There are some nouns that have the ending s but the predicate after them is in the singular form: physics, mathematics, news, phonetics and so on.
Mathematics is a difficult subject.
If a sentence has two subjects connected with the conjunction and, the predicate is used in the plural form.
Andrew and Christine were happy in that small town.
The predicate agrees with the first subject in number after there is (are)
There is a table and six chairs in the room.
There are six chairs and a table in the room.
If two subjects are connected with with, the predicate agrees with the first subject.
A woman with a little girl was standing in the door way.
If two subjects are connected with either…or, neither…nor, the predicate agrees with the second subject.
Either he or his friends are always present at our meetings.
Either his friends or he is always present at our meetings.
In special questions when the subject is expressed by who or what, the predicate is always in the singular form.
What has made him refuse this proposal?
Who is running towards us?
But if who, which and that are relative pronouns, the predicate agrees with the subject in number.
I don’t know the students who are standing outside the dean’s office.
After a number of… the predicate is used in the plural form, and after the number of… the predicate is used in the singular form.
A number of students were speaking to the dean.
The number of students in our university increases every year.
If the name of a country or the title of a book or film is expressed by a noun in the plural form, the predicate is used in the plural form.
The United States is a powerful country.
The Nights in Kabiria is a touching film.
If two or more subjects are expressed by infinitives, the predicate is in the singular.
To sit down at his desk and to create was all that he wanted.
If two subjects are connected with as well as,the predicate agrees with the first subject.
The boys as well as the coach were sure that they would win the match.
The boy as well as the teachers was sure of his success.
If two subjects are connected with and, the predicate is used in the plural form.
Tom and Jane are in love with each other.
But if two things form a close unit, the predicate is in the singular form.
Thread and needle was in her hand.
The predicate is in the singular when the subject is expressed by two nouns denoting one person.
Her husband and children’s father is the man whom she loves most.
Choose the Right Form of the Predicate
- Two dollars (is, are) not enough to buy a ticket for the theatre.
- The two dollars (is, are) exactly alike.
- Mathematics and Physics (is, are) difficult subjects.
- Phonetics (is, are) taught at our university.
- The girls as well as the teacher (want, wants) to discuss that question.
- The coach as well as the players (want, wants) to postpone the match because of the heavy rain.
- Either the headmaster or the staff (is, are) always late for the meeting.
- Either the staff or the headmaster (is, are) always late for the meeting.
- Neither the teacher nor the pupils (hope, hopes) for better results.
- Neither the pupils nor the teacher (hope, hopes) for better results.
- To go to school and to study (is, are) his favourite occupation.
- Great Expectations ( is, are) one of my favourite books.
- His wife and his children’s mother (is, are) abroad.
- The boys are playing football in the yard.
Who (is, are ) playing in the yard?
15 .Trousers (was, were) first worn in 1815.
16 Japanese economics (is, are) based on high technology.
17. The Netherlands (is, are) in North Europe.
18. The jury (was, were) speaking loudly in the corridor.
19. The orchestra ( is, are) playing very well today.
20. The orchestra (was, were ) conducted by Ohan Duryan last night.
21. The audience (was, were ) still applauding when the actor left the stage.
22. Many (doesn’t, don’t ) stand the feeling of humiliation.
23. Both Martha and Sarah (is, are )happy to receive guests.
24. Neither he nor we (is, are ) eager to see Mr. Brown.
25. Stars on the flag ( is, are ) another symbol of the country.
26. Measles (is, are ) children’s disease.
27. Everybody was present at the meeting, (wasn’t he, weren’t they) ?
28. The news about his arrival (has, have ) troubled me much.
29. Yeritsyan and Sons (sells, sell) food products.
30. Which of them (is, are ) your partner?
Սոնա բալայանը – սեպտեմբերի 22-ին: Սխալների ուղղումով պատասխանել եմ նույն օրը:
Մարիա Հակոբյանը – սեպտեմբերի 25-ին: Պատասխանել եմ նույն օրը՝ սխալների ուղղումով և բացատրություններով:
Մինդելի Դիանան – սեպտեմբերի 22-ին
Ալեն գևորգյանը – հոկտեմբերի 14-ին: Պատասխանել եմ հաջորդ օրը:
Ինգա Գրիգորյան – նոյեմբերի 28-ին, պատասխանել եմ նոյեմբերի 29-ին